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2014 FIFA World Cup

2014 FIFA WORLD CUP

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2014 FIFA World Cup Wikipedia



The tournament is now entering the quarter-finals (round of 8) (4 – 5 July) of the knockout stage (28 June – 13 July, details).
"2014 World Cup" redirects here. For other uses, see 2014 World Cup (disambiguation).


2014 FIFA World Cup
Copa do Mundo da FIFA


Brasil 2014[nb 1]
2014 FIFA World Cup official logo:


Juntos num só ritmo

(All in one rhythm)
Tournament details
Host countryBrazil
Dates12 June – 13 July 2014
Teams32 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s)12 (in 12 host cities)
Tournament statistics
Matches played56
Goals scored154 (2.75 per match)
Attendance2,911,381 (51,989 per match)
Top scorer(s)Colombia James Rodríguez

(5 goals)
← 2010
2018 →
The 2014 FIFA World Cup is the 20th FIFA World Cup, a tournament for the men's football world championship, which is currently taking place in Brazil.

It began on 12 June, with a group stage, and is scheduled to conclude on 13 July with the final. It is the second time that Brazil has hosted the competition, the first being in 1950. Brazil was elected unchallenged as host nation in 2007 after the international football federation, FIFA, decreed that the tournament would be staged in South America for the first time since 1978 in Argentina, and the fifth time overall.

The national teams of 31 countries advanced through qualification competitions that began in June 2011 to participate with the host nation Brazil in the final tournament. A total of 64 matches are being played in 12 cities across Brazil in either new or redeveloped stadiums. For the first time at a World Cup finals, match officials are using goal-line technology, as well as vanishing foam for free kicks.

All world champion teams since the first World Cup in 1930 – Argentina, Brazil, England, France, Germany (who won three times as West Germany), Italy, Spain and Uruguay – qualified for this competition. Spain were the title holders, having defeated the Netherlands 1–0 in the 2010 final to win their first World Cup, but they were eliminated at the group stage after losses in the first two matches against the Netherlands and Chile. All seven previous World Cup tournaments staged in the Americas (four in South America and three in North America) were won by South American teams.

Contents

                Host selection

                Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup bids
                In March 2003, FIFA announced that the tournament would be held in South America for the first time since 1978, in line with its then-active policy of rotating the right to host the World Cup among different confederations. The decision meant that it would be the first time that two consecutive World Cups were staged outside Europe and the first time two consecutive World Cups were held in the Southern Hemisphere (the 2010 FIFA World Cup was held in South Africa). Only Brazil and Colombia formally declared their candidacy but, after the withdrawal of the latter from the process, Brazil was officially elected as host nation unopposed on 30 October 2007.

                Participating teams and officials

                Qualification

                Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification
                See also: FIFA World Cup qualification
                Following qualification matches between June 2011 and November 2013, the following 32 teams – shown with their final pre-tournament FIFA World Rankings – qualified for the final tournament. 24 out of the 32 teams to qualify are returning participants from the 2010 World Cup. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the only team with no previous World Cup Finals experience.[nb 2] Colombia qualified for the World Cup after 16 years of absence; while Russia and Belgium after 12 years; and Croatia, Ecuador, Costa Rica, and Iran return after missing only one final tournament. Only three top-25 ranked teams did not qualify for the tournament: Ukraine (16), Denmark (23) and Slovenia (25).



                AFC (4)

                •  Australia (62)
                •  Iran (43)
                •  Japan (46)
                •  South Korea (57)



                CAF (5)

                •  Algeria (22)
                •  Cameroon (56)
                •  Ghana (37)
                •  Ivory Coast (23)
                •  Nigeria (44)



                OFC (0)

                • None qualified



                CONCACAF (4)

                •  Costa Rica (28)
                •  Honduras (33)
                •  Mexico (20)
                •  United States (13)



                CONMEBOL (6)

                •  Argentina (5)
                •  Brazil (3) (hosts)
                •  Chile (14)
                •  Colombia (8)
                •  Ecuador (26)
                •  Uruguay (7)



                UEFA (13)

                •  Belgium (11)
                •  Bosnia and Herzegovina (21)
                •  Croatia (18)
                •  England (10)
                •  France (17)
                •  Germany (2)
                •  Greece (12)
                •  Italy (9)
                •  Netherlands (15)
                •  Portugal (4)
                •  Russia (19)
                •  Spain (1)
                •   Switzerland (6)


                  Qualified
                  Failed to qualify
                  Did not enter
                  Not a FIFA member
                Teams listed by FIFA ranking as of June 2014
                CountryConfederation
                1SpainUEFA
                2GermanyUEFA
                3Brazil (host)CONMEBOL
                4PortugalUEFA
                5ArgentinaCONMEBOL
                6SwitzerlandUEFA
                7UruguayCONMEBOL
                8ColombiaCONMEBOL
                9ItalyUEFA
                10EnglandUEFA
                11BelgiumUEFA
                12GreeceUEFA
                13United StatesCONCACAF
                14ChileCONMEBOL
                15NetherlandsUEFA
                16FranceUEFA
                17CroatiaUEFA
                18RussiaUEFA
                19MexicoCONCACAF
                20Bosnia and HerzegovinaUEFA
                21AlgeriaCAF
                22Ivory CoastCAF
                23EcuadorCONMEBOL
                24Costa RicaCONCACAF
                25HondurasCONCACAF
                26GhanaCAF
                27IranAFC
                28NigeriaCAF
                29JapanAFC
                30CameroonCAF
                31South KoreaAFC
                32AustraliaAFC

                Final draw

                Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup seeding
                The 32 participating teams were to be drawn into the eight groups of the group stage. In preparation for this, the teams were organised into four pots with the seven highest-ranked teams joining host nation Brazil in the seeded pot. As with the previous tournaments, FIFA aimed to create groups which maximised geographic separation and therefore the unseeded teams were arranged into pots based on geographic considerations. The draw took place on 6 December 2013 at the Costa do Sauípe resort in Bahia, during which the teams were drawn by various past World Cup-winning players. Under the draw procedure, one randomly drawn team was firstly relocated from Pot 4 to Pot 2 to create four equal pots of eight teams.

                Squads

                Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup squads
                As with the 2010 tournament, each team's squad consists of 23 players (three of whom must be goalkeepers). Each participating national association had to confirm their final 23-player squad no later than 10 days before the start of the tournament. Teams were permitted to make late replacements in the event of serious injury, at any time up to 24 hours before their first game. During a match, all remaining squad members not named in the starting team are available to be one of the three permitted substitutions (provided the player is not serving a suspension).

                Officials

                Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup officials
                In March 2013, FIFA published a list of 52 prospective referees, each paired with two assistant referees, from all six football confederations for the tournament. On 14 January 2014, the FIFA Referees Committee appointed 25 referee trios and eight support duos representing 43 different countries for the tournament.

                Venues

                Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup venues
                12 venues (seven new and five renovated) in twelve cities have been selected for the tournament. The venues cover all the main regions of Brazil and create more evenly distributed hosting than the 1950 finals in Brazil. Consequently, the tournament will require long-distance travel for teams. During the World Cup, Brazilian cities will also be home to the participating teams at 32 separate base camps, as well as staging official fan fests where supporters can view the games.

                Rio de Janeiro, Rio de JaneiroBrasília, Distrito FederalSão Paulo, São PauloFortaleza, Ceará
                Estádio do MaracanãEstádio Nacional Mané GarrinchaArena de São PauloEstádio Castelão
                Capacity: 74,738Capacity: 69,432Capacity: 62,601Capacity: 60,348
                Maracana Stadium June 2013.jpgBrasilia Stadium - June 2013.jpgArena Corinthians West Building.jpgFortaleza Arena on March 2014..jpg
                Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais
                2014 FIFA World Cup is located in Brazil
                Belo Horizonte
                Belo Horizonte
                Brasília
                Brasília
                Fortaleza
                Fortaleza
                Porto Alegre
                Porto Alegre
                São Paulo
                São Paulo
                Rio de Janeiro
                Rio de Janeiro
                Salvador
                Salvador
                Natal
                Natal
                Cuiabá
                Cuiabá
                Curitiba
                Curitiba
                Manaus
                Manaus
                Recife
                Recife
                Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul
                Estádio MineirãoEstádio Beira-Rio
                Capacity: 58,259Capacity: 43,394
                Novo mineirão aérea.jpgPortoalegre aerea arenabeirario.jpg
                Salvador, BahiaRecife, Pernambuco[nb 3]
                Arena Fonte NovaArena Pernambuco
                Capacity: 51,708Capacity: 42,583
                Aerea Fontenova.jpgItaipava Arena Pernambuco - Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil.jpg
                Cuiabá, Mato GrossoManaus, AmazonasNatal, Rio Grande do NorteCuritiba, Paraná
                Arena PantanalArena da AmazôniaArena das DunasArena da Baixada
                Capacity: 41,112Capacity: 40,549Capacity: 39,971Capacity: 39,631
                Cuiaba Arena.jpgAmazonia Arena.jpgNatal, Brazil - Arena das Dunas.jpgArenadabaixada2.jpg

                Team base camps

                Base camps are used by the 32 national squads to stay and train before and during the World Cup tournament. On 31 January 2014, FIFA announced the base camps for each participating team, having earlier circulated a brochure of 84 prospective locations. Most teams have opted to stay in the Southeast Region of Brazil, with only eight teams choosing other regions; five teams (Croatia, Germany, Ghana, Greece and Switzerland) have opted to stay in the Northeast Region and three teams (Ecuador, South Korea and Spain) have opted to stay in the South Region. None have opted to stay in the North Region or the Central-West Region.
                National squads' base camps
                TeamCity
                AlgeriaSorocaba, SP
                ArgentinaVespasiano, MG
                AustraliaVitória, ES
                BelgiumMogi das Cruzes, SP
                Bosnia and HerzegovinaGuarujá, SP
                BrazilTeresópolis, RJ
                CameroonVitória, ES
                ChileBelo Horizonte, MG
                ColombiaCotia, SP
                Costa RicaSantos, SP
                CroatiaMata de São João, BA
                EcuadorViamão, RS
                EnglandRio de Janeiro, RJ
                FranceRibeirão Preto, SP
                GermanySanta Cruz Cabrália, BA
                GhanaMaceió, AL
                TeamCity
                GreeceAracaju, SE
                HondurasPorto Feliz, SP
                IranGuarulhos, SP
                ItalyMangaratiba, RJ
                Ivory CoastÁguas de Lindoia, SP
                JapanItu, SP
                MexicoSantos, SP
                NetherlandsRio de Janeiro, RJ
                NigeriaCampinas, SP
                PortugalCampinas, SP
                RussiaItu, SP
                South KoreaFoz do Iguaçu, PR
                SpainCuritiba, PR
                SwitzerlandPorto Seguro, BA
                United StatesSão Paulo, SP
                UruguaySete Lagoas, MG

                FIFA Fan Fests

                For a third consecutive World Cup tournament, FIFA are staging FIFA Fan Fests in each of the 12 host cities throughout the competition. Prominent examples are the Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro, which already held a Fan Fest in 2010, São Paulo's Vale do Anhangabaú and Brasília's Esplanada dos Ministérios, with the Congress in the background. The first official event took place on Iracema Beach, in Fortaleza, on 8 June 2014.

                Innovations

                Technologies

                To avoid ghost goals this World Cup has introduced goal-line technology. It is the fourth FIFA competition to use the technology after successful trials at 2012 Club World Cup, 2013 Club World Cup and 2013 Confederations Cup. The German company GoalControl was selected as the tournament's official goal-line technology provider in October 2013. France's second goal in their group game against Honduras was the first time goal-line technology confirmed that a goal should be given.

                Following successful trials,[nb 4] FIFA approved the use of vanishing foam by the referees for the first time at a World Cup Finals. The water-based spray, which disappears within minutes of application, can be used to mark a ten-yard line for the defending team during a free kick and also to draw where the ball is to be placed for a free kick.

                The Adidas Brazuca is the official match ball of the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Adidas created a new design of ball after criticisms of the Adidas Jabulani used in the previous World Cup. The number of panels was reduced to six, with the panels being thermally bonded. This created a ball with increased consistency and aerodynamics compared to its predecessor. Furthermore Adidas underwent an extensive testing process lasting more than two years to produce a ball that would meet the approval of football professionals.

                Cooling breaks

                Because of the relatively high ambient temperatures in Brazil, particularly at the northern venues, "cooling breaks" for the players were introduced. Breaks can take place after the 30th minute of the first and second half of games at the referee's discretion if the Wet Bulb Globe Temperature exceeds 32 °C (90 °F).

                The first cooling break in World Cup play took place during the 32nd minute of the Netherlands vs. Mexico Round of 16 match. At the start of the match, FIFA listed the temperature at 32 °C (90 °F) with 68% humidity.

                Anti-doping

                The biological passport was introduced in the FIFA World Cup starting in 2014. Blood and urine samples from all players before the competition, and from two players per team per match, are analysed by the Swiss Laboratory for Doping Analyses. FIFA reported that 91.5% of the players taking part in the tournament were tested before the start of the competition and none tested positive. However, FIFA was criticised for its approach towards finding doping offences.[clarification needed]

                Format




                Countries participating in the 2014 FIFA World Cup
                  Champion
                  Runner-up
                  Third place
                  Fourth place
                  Quarter-finals
                  Round of 16
                  Group stage
                The first round, or group stage, is a competition between the 32 teams divided among eight groups of four, where each group engages in a round-robin tournament within itself. The two highest ranked teams in each group will progress to the knockout stage.

                The ranking of teams in each group is based on the following, in order (each line breaks ties for all preceding lines):
                1. Points in all group matches, with 3 points awarded for a win, 1 for a draw, and 0 for a loss.
                2. Goal differences in all group matches (all score gaps added together).
                3. Goals scored in all group matches (all scores added together).
                4. Points in only those group matches between the teams which were tied until this step (again, 3 for a win, 1 for a draw, 0 for a loss).
                5. Goal differences in only those group matches between the teams which were tied until this step.
                6. Goals scored in only those group matches between the teams which were tied until this step.
                7. Drawing of lots (randomised ranking).


                In the knockout stage there will be four rounds (round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, and the final), with each eliminating the losers. The two semi-final losers will compete in a third place play-off. A draw in the knockout stages will be followed by two 15 minute periods of extra time to determine a winner. If the teams are still tied, a penalty shoot-out will be held.

                The match schedule was announced on 20 October 2011 with the kick-off times being confirmed on 27 September 2012; after the final draw, the kick-off times of seven matches were adjusted by FIFA. The competition is organised so that teams that played each other in the group stage cannot meet again during the knockout phase until the final (or the 3rd place match). The group stage began on 12 June, with the host nation competing in the opening game as has been the format since the 2006 tournament. The opening game was preceded by an opening ceremony that began at 15:15 local time.

                Group stage

                Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup group stage
                See also: List of 2014 FIFA World Cup matches
                Wikimedia Commons has media related to FIFA World Cup 2014 matches.
                The group stage of the 2014 FIFA World Cup took place in Brazil from 12 June 2014 and end on 26 June 2014, and consisted of three sets of games. The group stage was notable for a scarcity of draws and a large number of goals. The first drawn (and goalless) match did not occur until the thirteenth game of the tournament between Iran and Nigeria, a drought longer than any World Cup since 1930. The group stage produced a total of 136 goals, nine fewer than was scored during the entire 2010 tournament. This is the largest number of goals in the group stage since the 32-team system was implemented in 1998 and largest average in a group stage since 1958.

                After the second set of games, six teams had already guaranteed their progress into the knockout stage: Netherlands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Argentina and Belgium. By contrast, teams out early after two losses included defending champions Spain and 1966 champion England, who were eliminated at the group stage for the first time since 1958. The third former champions to be eliminated were Italy, who scored only two goals, its lowest tally since 1966.

                Eight of ten teams from the Americas (CONCACAF and CONMEBOL) advanced to the knockout stage, this being the first time CONCACAF had three teams among the last 16. Africa (CAF) got two teams in the knockout stage for the first time. By contrast, teams from Asia (AFC) put up their worst performance since 1990 all finishing at the bottom of their groups without winning any games. Only 6 of the 13 UEFA teams advanced to the knockout stage, the fewest under the present format (equaled in the 2010 World Cup).

                Costa Rica overcame a group of three former World Cup Champions to reach their first knockout stage since 1990. Germany won a group made up entirely of knockout stage participants in the 2010 World Cup. Greece and Algeria qualified for the knockout stage for the first time. Nigeria (44th) were the lowest-ranked team in FIFA rankings to advance, while Spain (1st) was the highest-ranked team to be eliminated.

                Teams

                GroupWinners (1st)Runners-up (2nd)3rd4th
                A Brazil Mexico Croatia Cameroon
                B Netherlands Chile Spain Australia
                C Colombia Greece Ivory Coast Japan
                D Costa Rica Uruguay Italy England
                E France  Switzerland Ecuador Honduras
                F Argentina Nigeria Bosnia and Herzegovina Iran
                G Germany United States Portugal Ghana
                H Belgium Algeria Russia South Korea


                Key to colours in group tables
                Team advanced to the Round of 16

                Group A

                Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup Group A
                Team
                Pld
                W
                D
                L
                GF
                GA
                GD
                Pts
                 Brazil321072+57
                 Mexico321041+37
                 Croatia31026603
                 Cameroon300319−80
                12 June 2014
                Brazil 3–1 CroatiaArena de São Paulo, São Paulo
                13 June 2014
                Mexico 1–0 CameroonArena das Dunas, Natal
                17 June 2014
                Brazil 0–0 MexicoEstádio Castelão, Fortaleza
                18 June 2014
                Cameroon 0–4 CroatiaArena da Amazônia, Manaus
                23 June 2014
                Cameroon 1–4 BrazilEstádio Nacional Mané Garrincha, Brasília
                Croatia 1–3 MexicoArena Pernambuco, Recife

                Group B

                Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup Group B
                Team
                Pld
                W
                D
                L
                GF
                GA
                GD
                Pts
                 Netherlands3300103+79
                 Chile320153+26
                 Spain310247−33
                 Australia300339−60
                13 June 2014
                Spain 1–5 NetherlandsArena Fonte Nova, Salvador
                Chile 3–1 AustraliaArena Pantanal, Cuiabá
                18 June 2014
                Australia 2–3 NetherlandsEstádio Beira-Rio, Porto Alegre
                Spain 0–2 ChileEstádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
                23 June 2014
                Australia 0–3 SpainArena da Baixada, Curitiba
                Netherlands 2–0 ChileArena de São Paulo, São Paulo

                Group C

                Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup Group C
                Team
                Pld
                W
                D
                L
                GF
                GA
                GD
                Pts
                 Colombia330092+79
                 Greece311124−24
                 Ivory Coast310245−13
                 Japan301226−41
                14 June 2014
                Colombia 3–0 GreeceEstádio Mineirão, Belo Horizonte
                Ivory Coast 2–1 JapanArena Pernambuco, Recife
                19 June 2014
                Colombia 2–1 Ivory CoastEstádio Nacional Mané Garrincha, Brasília
                Japan 0–0 GreeceArena das Dunas, Natal
                24 June 2014
                Japan 1–4 ColombiaArena Pantanal, Cuiabá
                Greece 2–1 Ivory CoastEstádio Castelão, Fortaleza

                Group D

                Main article: 2014 FIFA World Cup Group D
                Team
                Pld
                W
                D
                L
                GF
                GA
                GD
                Pts
                 Costa Rica321041+37
                 Uruguay32014406
                 Italy310223−13
                 England301224−21
                14 June 2014
                Uruguay 1–3 Costa RicaEstádio Castelão, Fortaleza
                England 1–2 ItalyArena da Amazônia, Manaus
                19 June 2014
                Uruguay 2–1 EnglandArena de São Paulo, São Paulo
                20 June 2014
                Italy 
                Source: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_FIFA_World_Cup )
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